Now that you’ve been introduced to the Photoshop workspace and have a basic idea of where everything is, let’ s start getting our hands dirty .
Creating New Documents
You can create a new document by selecting File > New… from the menu bar , or pressing the keyboard shortcut Command-N (Ctrl-N on Windows). The New dialog box will appear , as shown in Figure 1.3, where you can specify the document size and other setting.
Figure 1.3. The New dialog box
If you’re designing for a website, be sure to set the resolution at 72 Pixels/Inch to reflect the actual screen resolution. If you’re designing for a minimum screen size, such as 1024×768, be sure to take into account scrollbars and menus, and set your initial document size at a smaller dimension for your actual working area. 1000×650, for example, will give you a better estimate of your actual screen size.
If you want easy access to these dimensions for other new documents, it’ s probably a good idea to click Save Preset… and give the settings a name like “Web Page.” The next time you create a new document, you’ll be able to load your “Web Page” settings from the Preset list.
Open files by selecting File > Open… from the menu bar, or pressing Command–O (Ctrl–O on Windows). You can select and open multiple files by holding down Command (Ctrl) and clicking on all the files you require in the Open dialog box.
Save a file by selecting File > Save or pressing Command–S (Ctrl–S on Windows). For a newly created document, this will save your work in Photoshop Document (PSD) format. If you’d prefer to save an additional copy of the document, you can use File > Save As… or press Command-Shift-S (Ctrl-Shift-S) instead. T o the great delight of Photoshop users everywhere, Photoshop CS6 introduces a backup save, where a recovery file is saved every ten minutes. You can change the time in between saves by going to Photoshop’ s preferences (Mac: Photoshop > Preferences > File Handling…, PC: Edit > Preferences > File Handling…), and choosing from 5, 10, 15, or 30 minutes, or 1 hour. If Photoshop crashes on you, the recovery file will open automatically the next time you start up Photoshop.
As if keyboard shortcuts weren’t quick enough, Windows users have even more ways to open and save files, such as:
■ holding down Ctrl and double-clicking the work area to create new documents
■ double-clicking the work area to pull up the Open dialog box to open files
■ holding down Alt and double-clicking the work area to open existing files as new documents
■ holding down Ctrl-Shift and double-clicking the work area to save documents
■ holding down Shift and double-clicking the work area to access Adobe Bridge: Adobe’ s “control center” and file browser
The work area is the dark gray area behind the document windows. If your shortcuts fail, check that you’re clicking on an empty spot on the work area, and not in one of the document windows or Photoshop tools.
Alas, on a Mac, Photoshop only allows for double-clicking the work area to open a document. Even then, you must have Window > Application Frame ticked in order for it to function. Continue reading…