The Workspace in Photoshop CS 6

The Workspace in Photoshop CS 6-1

The Photoshop Workspace

Photoshop’s “out of the box” workspace consists of the following components, shown in Figure 1.1:

Options bar

The options bar holds contextualized options for different tools.


By default, the toolbox sits to the left of your Photoshop window, and contains shortcuts to Photoshop tools.


Individual “panes” that hold information or options for working with your file, known as panels, float on the right-hand side. Each panel is labeled with a tab, and can be minimized, closed, grouped with other panels, or dragged to the panel docking areas on the right and bottom,and in the icon column. In Figure 1.1, the Color panel allows you to change the foreground and background colors by changing the Red/Green/Blue values directly , or by picking from the color spectrum.

Document windows 

Each open document has its own document window with a status bar along the bottom. The status bar displays information that’ s specific to the document. Document windows can be full-screen as shown in Figure 1.1, with multiple document tabs across the top, or dragged out to become independent, floating windows.

Menu bar (not shown)

You will probably already be familiar with the menu bar from other programs. This runs across the top of your display (Mac) or Photoshop window (Windows), and contains various menuoptions for Photoshop’ s tools.

The Workspace in Photoshop CS 6-1Figure 1.1. The Photoshop workspace

The Workspace in Photoshop CS 6-2Comps and Turtlenecks: Designer Lingo
Now that you’re going to be working in Photoshop, you might want to start talking like a designer. Designers, like professionals in most specialist fields, have their own terminology for their tools of the trade. A comp (short for “composite”) refers to a mockup of the final solution that a designer has in mind. Traditionally , a comp is used in the print world to refer to page layouts, but for web designers it usually refers to a static interface prepared entirely in Photoshop for the client to look over before they decide to proceed. You might even hear it being used as a verb, where comping is the process of creating that mockup site. Continue reading…

3D Design

3D Design

Learning Standard 1 – Media, Materials, and Techniques
Students will demonstrate knowledge of the media, materials, and technique sunique to the visual arts.
- Create ceramics using hand-thrown or pottery wheel.
- Illustrate the ability to create 3D works that show an understanding of particular media, materials, and tools.
- Use computer, camera, and printer to create original works.
- Through the use of tissue paper and wooden sticks, create sculpture focusing on line and weight.
- Trace a single concept, such as weight, through a series of works, varying the medium and technique.
- Explain the importance of studio safety by the use of proper maintenance of materials, tools, and workspace.

Learning Standard 2 – Elements and Principles of Design
Students will demonstrate knowledge of the elements and principles of design.
- Create relief design with foam core, which must be painted using complimentary colors and show value graduation.
- Explain color theory by focusing on the use of complementary colors and use varied intensity of colors in wet and dry media to create the illusions of 3D form on a 2D surface.
- Use form, color, line, texture and shape to create 3D works and recognize the use of these elements in their own works, as well as the works of others.
- Review ways of visualizing and depicting space within a 3D format.
- Create 3D artwork that combines elements of design, space relationships, and mood.

Learning Standard 3 – Observation, Abstraction, Invention, and Expression
Students will demonstrate their powers of observation, abstraction, invention, and expression in a variety of media, materials, and techniques.
- From observation, produce representational 3D artwork that convincingly portrays 3D space.
- Create 3D artwork that explores the abstraction of ideas and representations.
- Create 3D artwork that is original in conveying a distinct point of view.
- Create copper foil design.

Learning Standard 4 – Drafting, Revising, and Exhibiting
Students will demonstrate knowledge of the processes of creating and exhibiting their own artwork: drafts, critique, self-assessment, refinement, and exhibit preparation.
- Demonstrate the ability to conceptualize, organize, and complete long-term projects, alone and in groups.
- Demonstrate the ability to develop an idea through multiple stages, responding to criticism and self-assessment.
- Prepare a body of artwork that demonstrates a progression of ideas and skills over time.
- Select an artwork for display and be able to explain reason for choice.
- Create sketches which must be approved before starting work.
- Create a body of work that represents several media, including the progression of ideas from preliminary sketch to finished work in each medium.

-  Demonstrate an ability to see one’s personal style and compare and contract it to historical and contemporary styles.
-  Draw from other disciplines inthe creation of a single work.
-  Organize and present a work which shows the progression from concept to finished work forothers to view.

Learning Standard 5 – Critical Response
Students will describe and analyze their own work and the work of others, using appropriate visual arts vocabulary. When appropriate, students will connect their analyses to interpretation and evaluation.
- Identify the differences between traditional sculpture and modern sculpture.
- Demonstrate the ability to compare and contrast two or more works of art, orally and in writing, using appropriate vocabulary.
- Use published sources, either traditional or electronic, to research the body of work of an artist and present findings in a visual form.
- Critique one’s own work, the work of peers, and the work of professional artists, and demonstrate understanding of the formal, cultural, and historical contexts of the work. Continue reading…

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014

Think of layouts as sheets of virtual paper because that’s what they represent. You will create layouts whether you ultimately plan to publish the drawing on paper or in electronic form. Each drawing can have multiple layouts to publish in a variety of formats. In the following steps, you will create two layouts, one for an 8.5g n 11g sheet of paper (or ISO A4) and another for a 30g n 42g drawing (or ISO A0), which are standard business and drawing sizes:

1. If the file is not already open, go to the book’s web page, browse to Chapter 13, get the file Ch13-C.dwg or Ch13-C-metric.dwg, and open it.

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-12. Click the Layer Properties tool in the Layers panel on the ribbon’s Home tab.
Creating Layouts in AutoCad 2014-23. Click the New Layer button in the Layer Properties Manager that appears. Type Z-Viewport, and press Enter. With the Z-Viewport line still highlighted, press Alt+C to make the new layer current. Click the printer icon in the Z-Viewport layer’s Plot column to make this layer nonplotting (see Figure 13.9). Close the Layer Properties Manager.

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-3FIGURE 13.9 Creating a nonplotting viewport layer and setting it as current

Layout and Model Tabs

Layout and model tabs are a legacy interface that longtime AutoCAD users may prefer to keep using. If you see tabs at the bottom of the drawing canvas labeled Model and Layout1, then you are looking at the older interface. Right-click either of these tabs, and choose Hide Layout And Model Tabs to use the more streamlined, modern interface.

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-4

Note: Paperspace is a 2D space representing a sheet of virtual paper. Modelspace is a 3D space containing both 2D drawings and 3D models.

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-5 4. If layout tabs are displayed, click the Layout1 button. If the layout tabs are hidden, click the Quick View Layouts button and then click Layout1 on the status bar or the Layout1 tab on the lower edge of the drawing window.

The image in the drawing canvas changes as you enter paperspace: A white representation of paper is displayed with an automatically created viewport through which you can see the drawing in modelspace. The viewport object is on the Z-Viewport layer. The viewport frame will not appear in the output because it is on a nonplotting layer. The contents of the viewport will be output, however. The dashed lines indicate the limits of the plotting device’s printable area (see Figure 13.10).

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-6

FIGURE 13.10 Viewing a layout in paperspace

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-7 5. Select the ribbon’s Output tab. Click the Page Setup Manager tool in the Plot panel, and click the Modify button in the Page Setup Manager dialog box that appears. When the Page Setup: Layout1 dialog box opens, select the DWG To PDF.pc3 plotter from the Name drop-down, choose monochrome.ctb from the Plot Style Table drop-down, check Display Plot Styles, and do the following:

- If you are using Imperial units, select ANSI Expand A (8.50 n 11.00 Inches) as the paper size (see Figure 13.11). Leave the plot scale at 1 inch = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
- If you are using metric units, select ISO Full Bleed A4 (297.00 n 210.00 MM) as the paper size. Set the plot scale to 10 mm = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.

Note: Available paper sizes are dependent on the plotter selection.
Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-8 6. Click Quick View Layouts in the status bar. Click the New Layout icon at the bottom of the Quick View Layouts interface that appears at the bottom of the drawing canvas. Click Layout2 to open it (see Figure 13.12). Click the Close Quick View Layouts icon.

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-9

FIGURE 13.11 Configuring a page setup

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-10

FIGURE 13.12 Creating a new layout through the Quick View Layouts interface

Creating Layouts in Autocad 2014-11 7.  Click the Page Setup Manager in the Plot panel. Click the Modify button in the Page Setup Manager dialog box that appears to modify Layout2. Select the DWG To PDF.pc3 plotter, select monochrome.ctb from the Plot Style Table drop-down, and check Display Plot Styles. Then do the following:

- If you are using Imperial units, select ARCH E1 (30.00 n 42.00 Inches) as the paper size. Leave the plot scale at 1 inch = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
- If you are using metric units, select ISO A0 (841.00 n 1189.00 MM) as the paper size. Set the plot scale to 10 mm = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.

8.  A single tiny viewport was automatically created on the current layer in the corner of the layout. You will configure this viewport in the next section and create an additional viewport. Save your work as Ch13-D.dwg or Ch13-D-metric.dwg.