About vector graphics and bitmaps
The two main types of computer graphics are vector graphics and bitmaps. Vector graphics are made of lines and curves, and they are generated from mathematical descriptions that determine the position, length, and direction in which lines are drawn. Bitmaps, also known as raster images, are composed of tiny squares called pixels; each pixel is mapped to a location in an image and has numerical color values.
Vector graphics are ideal for logos and illustrations because they are resolution- independent and can be scaled to any size, or printed and displayed at any resolution, without losing detail and quality. In addition, you can produce sharp and crisp outlines with vector graphics.
Bitmaps are excellent for photographs and digital paintings because they reproduce color gradations well. Bitmaps are resolution-dependent — that is, they represent a fixed number of pixels. While they look good at their actual size, they can appear jagged or lose image quality when scaled, or when displayed or printed at a resolution higher than their original resolution.
You can create vector graphics in CorelDRAW. You can also import bitmaps (such as JPEG and TIFF files) in CorelDRAW and integrate them into your drawings. For information about working with bitmaps, see “Working with bitmaps” on page 207.
The top illustration is a vector graphic consisting of lines and fills. The bottom version is a bitmap made up of pixels.
Starting and opening drawings
CorelDRAW lets you start a new drawing from a blank page, from a template, or from an existing drawing.
A blank page gives you the freedom to specify every aspect of a drawing.
A template provides you with a starting point and leaves the amount of customization up to you. The templates included with CorelDRAW are available under the following categories:
• Full page
For more information about creating and using templates, see “Working with templates” in the Help.
Basing a new drawing on an existing drawing lets you reuse objects and page settings. CorelDRAW lets you open existing drawings saved in various file formats. However, you may not be able to open certain files, depending on their file type and contents. In such cases, you can try importing the files as objects in an open drawing. For information about the file formats you can import in CorelDRAW, see “File formats” in the Help.
If the drawing you are opening is from an earlier version of CorelDRAW and contains text in a language different from the language of your operating system, you can choose code page settings to ensure that text is converted into Unicode® characters properly. Code page settings help you correctly display text outside the drawing window, such as keywords, file names, and text entries in the Object manager and Object data manager dockers. To display text correctly in the drawing window, you need to use encoding settings. For more information, see “Encoding text” in the Help.
If the drawing you are opening contains an embedded International Color Consortium® (ICC) profile, you can extract and save the profile. You can also preserve a drawing’s layers and pages.
To start CorelDRAW
• Click Start ` All programs ` CorelDRAW Graphics Suite X3 `
To start a drawing
When you start a drawing from a blank page, the drawing is based on the default CorelDRAW template (CorelDRAW.cdt).
You can specify a layout style (template) by clicking Layout ` Page setup, clicking Layout in the list of categories, and choosing a layout style from the Layout list box.
To open a drawing
1 Click File ` Open.
2 Locate the folder where the drawing is stored.
3 Click a filename.
To make sure that you are opening the drawing you want, enable the Preview check box to view a thumbnail of the drawing.
4 Click Options to display additional options and file information.
If the drawing is from CorelDRAW version 11 or earlier and contains text in a language different from the language of your operating system, choose the corresponding option from the Code page list box to ensure text is converted into Unicode characters properly.
5 Enable any of the following check boxes:
• Extract embedded ICC profile — lets you save the embedded International Color Consortium (ICC) profile to the color folder in which the application is installed
• Maintain layers and pages — lets you maintain layers and pages when you open files. If you disable the check box, all layers are combined in a single layer.
6 Click Open.
You can also open a drawing by clicking the Open button on the toolbar. If you want to view a thumbnail of the drawing, click the Preview check box.