Think of layouts as sheets of virtual paper because that’s what they represent. You will create layouts whether you ultimately plan to publish the drawing on paper or in electronic form. Each drawing can have multiple layouts to publish in a variety of formats. In the following steps, you will create two layouts, one for an 8.5g n 11g sheet of paper (or ISO A4) and another for a 30g n 42g drawing (or ISO A0), which are standard business and drawing sizes:
1. If the file is not already open, go to the book’s web page, browse to Chapter 13, get the file Ch13-C.dwg or Ch13-C-metric.dwg, and open it.
2. Click the Layer Properties tool in the Layers panel on the ribbon’s Home tab.
3. Click the New Layer button in the Layer Properties Manager that appears. Type Z-Viewport, and press Enter. With the Z-Viewport line still highlighted, press Alt+C to make the new layer current. Click the printer icon in the Z-Viewport layer’s Plot column to make this layer nonplotting (see Figure 13.9). Close the Layer Properties Manager.
FIGURE 13.9 Creating a nonplotting viewport layer and setting it as current
Layout and Model Tabs
Layout and model tabs are a legacy interface that longtime AutoCAD users may prefer to keep using. If you see tabs at the bottom of the drawing canvas labeled Model and Layout1, then you are looking at the older interface. Right-click either of these tabs, and choose Hide Layout And Model Tabs to use the more streamlined, modern interface.
Note: Paperspace is a 2D space representing a sheet of virtual paper. Modelspace is a 3D space containing both 2D drawings and 3D models.
4. If layout tabs are displayed, click the Layout1 button. If the layout tabs are hidden, click the Quick View Layouts button and then click Layout1 on the status bar or the Layout1 tab on the lower edge of the drawing window.
The image in the drawing canvas changes as you enter paperspace: A white representation of paper is displayed with an automatically created viewport through which you can see the drawing in modelspace. The viewport object is on the Z-Viewport layer. The viewport frame will not appear in the output because it is on a nonplotting layer. The contents of the viewport will be output, however. The dashed lines indicate the limits of the plotting device’s printable area (see Figure 13.10).
FIGURE 13.10 Viewing a layout in paperspace
5. Select the ribbon’s Output tab. Click the Page Setup Manager tool in the Plot panel, and click the Modify button in the Page Setup Manager dialog box that appears. When the Page Setup: Layout1 dialog box opens, select the DWG To PDF.pc3 plotter from the Name drop-down, choose monochrome.ctb from the Plot Style Table drop-down, check Display Plot Styles, and do the following:
- If you are using Imperial units, select ANSI Expand A (8.50 n 11.00 Inches) as the paper size (see Figure 13.11). Leave the plot scale at 1 inch = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
- If you are using metric units, select ISO Full Bleed A4 (297.00 n 210.00 MM) as the paper size. Set the plot scale to 10 mm = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
Note: Available paper sizes are dependent on the plotter selection.
6. Click Quick View Layouts in the status bar. Click the New Layout icon at the bottom of the Quick View Layouts interface that appears at the bottom of the drawing canvas. Click Layout2 to open it (see Figure 13.12). Click the Close Quick View Layouts icon.
FIGURE 13.11 Configuring a page setup
FIGURE 13.12 Creating a new layout through the Quick View Layouts interface
7. Click the Page Setup Manager in the Plot panel. Click the Modify button in the Page Setup Manager dialog box that appears to modify Layout2. Select the DWG To PDF.pc3 plotter, select monochrome.ctb from the Plot Style Table drop-down, and check Display Plot Styles. Then do the following:
- If you are using Imperial units, select ARCH E1 (30.00 n 42.00 Inches) as the paper size. Leave the plot scale at 1 inch = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
- If you are using metric units, select ISO A0 (841.00 n 1189.00 MM) as the paper size. Set the plot scale to 10 mm = 1 unit. Click OK, and then click Close.
8. A single tiny viewport was automatically created on the current layer in the corner of the layout. You will configure this viewport in the next section and create an additional viewport. Save your work as Ch13-D.dwg or Ch13-D-metric.dwg.